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Obama walks thin line on interrogations

Protesters this month symbolically re-enact the mistreatment of detainees at the U.S.-run prison at Abu Ghraib, an incident that sparked worldwide outrage, during a rally marking the sixth anniversary of the fall of the Iraqi capital to American troops in Baghdad.

Protesters this month symbolically re-enact the mistreatment of detainees at the U.S.-run prison at Abu Ghraib, an incident that sparked worldwide outrage, during a rally marking the sixth anniversary of the fall of the Iraqi capital to American troops in Baghdad.

Barack Obama, facing perhaps the trickiest political issue of his young presidency, is trying to appease his liberal base without losing control of a potentially volatile inquiry into George W. Bush administration’s use of harsh interrogation tactics against terrorism suspects.

One step to the left or right could land him in political trouble.

If Obama seems inclined to stifle an investigation and possible prosecution of Bush administration officials who approved rough interrogations by the CIA, he may infuriate liberal activists who were crucial to his election.

But if Democratic lawmakers appear too zealous in pursuing departed GOP government officials, they might be portrayed as vindictive and backward-looking, undermining Obama’s image as a forward-looking figure of hope and progress.

While Obama struggles to calibrate the matter, Republicans sense a possible gap in his armor and an uncharacteristic shakiness in his message.

In the past few days, the White House signaled that it would not support the prosecution of Bush administration lawyers who had justified the interrogation tactics, which Obama has likened to torture. Later, Obama said the attorney general should make such decisions.

On Tuesday, Obama said he wanted to look forward, not back, but he would prefer an independent commission to a complete congressional investigation if a full-blown inquiry is pursued. On Thursday, the president told congressional leaders he had no interest in such a panel, which some call a “truth commission.”

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., continues to call for such a commission with subpoena powers. But lawmakers agree that the idea is probably dead, at least for now.

That leaves hearings in the hands of House and Senate committees, which Democrats control. The House Judiciary Committee, chaired by Rep. John Conyers of Michigan, has an especially large number of sharply partisan Democrats and Republicans, who could produce televised fireworks and unpredictable results.

Terry Holt is among the Republican strategists who think Obama and his allies will suffer because the scenario is apt to look more like a witch hunt than a sober search for justice.

“It would be a total circus and be complete chaos and expose them to terrible risk,” Holt said. “Obama’s political strength is based on the notion that he is the future, moving forward. I felt Obama’s first instinct was the correct one: to let this stuff go.”

Democrats expect a more subdued and time-consuming inquiry to be conducted by the Senate Intelligence Committee, chaired by Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif. She says the effort will take months, which might allow the issue to cool down a bit.

It’s red hot for now, however. Liberal groups, blogs and Web sites are demanding full-bore inquiries and possible prosecutions of the lawyers and officials who justified the tactics. Those tactics included 11 days of sleep deprivation for some detainees and repeated waterboarding, an ordeal that simulates drowning.

Recently released memos from the Justice Department “provide shocking confirmation of high-level involvement in the sadistic interrogation methods the Bush administration authorized the CIA to use on detainees,” the American Civil Liberties Union says on its Web site. “It is indefensible to avoid investigating and prosecuting those responsible for these heinous crimes.”

Liberal talk show host Ed Schultz said this week on MSNBC that many liberal Democrats “want to see prosecution. Does the president just ignore them?”

After 2,000 viewers texted their opinions, Schultz said, “Ninety-four percent want to see Bush officials prosecuted.”

The White House is walking a careful line. On one hand, Obama cannot spurn his liberal backers too often, and he already has disappointed them on issues such as sending more troops to Afghanistan.

But the president also cannot afford to let Republican strategists portray the CIA interrogations matter as a case of Democratic overreaching, perhaps comparable to the GOP’s strategic overreach in impeaching then-President Bill Clinton.

Matt Bennett, vice president of the moderate-Democratic group Third Way, said the potentially unconstitutional actions of the Bush administration officials require looking into. But he’s wary of a potentially partisan food fight if congressional committees alone conduct the investigations.

“If this were to proceed,” Bennett said, “the best model is the 9/11 Commission, with unquestionably responsible leaders, like Lee Hamilton.” Hamilton, a former Democratic lawmaker from Indiana, co-chaired the highly regarded commission that investigated the 2001 terrorist attacks.

But Obama threw cold water on the independent commission idea Thursday. That leaves Congress, and the nation, with an unclear path on how to pursue a combustible question.

Charles Babington covers the White House for The Associated Press.

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